Models and Theories of Student Success, Resilience and Well-being (and Psychological Literacy) 



There are several different approaches to the concept of resilience, some well-founded in research, others not.


APA Road To Resilience

APA Road to Resilience is a brochure intended to help readers with taking their own road to resilience. It describes resilience and some factors that affect how people deal with hardship. Much of the brochure focuses on developing and using a personal strategy for enhancing resilience.



SCoRE (Student Curriculum on Resilience Education) is a research-based program that helps students cope with the personal, social, and academic challenges of college life by teaching resilience-building strategies and providing opportunities for meaningful self-assessment. It may be either Instructor-led or self-paced.


The Resilience Doughnut

The Resilience Doughnut is a model of resilience, whereby there are seven sections, each section representing an external factor in the person’s life. When reviewing the research, Lyn Worsley found that these seven factors repeatedly showed up in the lives of resilient people. The seven factors are:

  • The Parent Factor: characteristics of strong and effective      parenting.
  • The Skill Factor: evidence of self-competence.
  • The Family and Identity Factor: where family identity and connectedness is evident.
  • The Education Factor: experience of connections and relationships during the learning process.
  • The Peer Factor: where social and moral development is      enhanced through interactions with peers.
  • The Community Factor: where the morals and values of the local community are transferred and the young person is supported.
  • The Money Factor: where the young person develops the ability      to give as well as take from society through employment and purposeful spending.


Student Success

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Psychological Literacy

The term “psychological literacy” was coined by Alan Boneau when he attempted to identify 100 key concepts in each of the major psychology subfields. Put simply, psychological literacy is the adaptive capacity to apply psychological science to achieve personal, professional, and societal needs. But of course, it is not that simple. Visit the Psychological Literacy website for a full discussion.